The report – which underlines that cultural diversity should
be perceived not as a threat, but as a source of enrichment – gives
a detailed description of the situation of the national minorities
in Vojvodina and covers the debate surrounding the identity of the
“Vlach” minority in eastern Serbia.
While the report notes that the situation of minorities in
Vojvodina is relatively favourable, it regrets the fact that the
Serbian authorities did not react sufficiently promptly to the inter-ethnic
incidents which affected the region in 2004. To prevent trouble
of this kind recurring, it is essential that the authorities deal
promptly and firmly with the perpetrators of inter-ethnic violence.
The report also notes that efforts have been made to improve
legislation in favour of minorities but rebukes the chronic failure
to implement this legislation and introduce additional legislative
or regulatory measures.
The situation of persons belonging to national minorities
varies according to the regions where they live. The report notes
that the situation of the members of the Vlach/Romanian minority
in eastern Serbia is significantly less favourable than that of
the inhabitants of Vojvodina.
With regard to the discussions concerning the identity of
the “Vlach” minority, the report reiterates the principle set out
in Article 3 of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National
Minorities and reaffirms that any attempt to impose an identity
on a person, or on a group of persons, is unacceptable.