The urgent humanitarian needs following the conflict between
Georgia and Russia in 2008 have largely been dealt with, but there
exist important long term humanitarian challenges which cannot be
solved if the conflict remains frozen and politics is given priority
over the people.
With the exception of Iimited returns of internally displaced
persons (IDPs) to the Gali and Akhalgori areas, the prospects for
return of displaced persons are dim. As a result, durable housing
solutions and provision of livelihoods for displaced persons will
be a continuing challenge for the Georgian authorities.
The security situation continues to be tense but not at the
level which led to the 2008 war. Without a strong non-partisan international
peacekeeping or monitoring presence across both sides of the administrative boundary
line, it is difficult to see security concerns abating.
Even with this gloomy outlook, with small changes, the lives
of the persons affected by the conflict could be improved. Allowing
freer access across the administrative boundary line, increasing
dialogue at all levels (students, civil society, political level)
to tackle ingrained distrust, are just two examples of steps that
could be taken.
Four practical recommendations are made to the Committee of
Ministers. The first is to use the Council of Europe’s educational
expertise to guarantee mother tongue education, in particular for
those with Georgian mother tongue in the area of Gali. The second
is to provide assistance for the successful integration of resettled IDPs.
The third is to offer assistance in combating domestic violence
which has been aggravated as a consequence of the war. Finally,
greater freedom of movement should be encouraged across the administrative