The Dublin regulation is a European Union legal instrument
establishing a system for definitive identification of the participating
State responsible for examining a particular asylum application.
Since the system was introduced in 1990, however, the scale, nature
and geographical focus of mass migration into the European Union
have changed significantly. In addition, the distribution of asylum
applicants between participating States is extremely uneven; the
Dublin system is, however, not intended or capable of functioning
as a “burden-sharing” mechanism to counteract this inequity, which
on the contrary is exacerbated by Dublin transfers of asylum applicants.
It has thus become a symbol of unfairness and lack of solidarity
in European asylum policy. Furthermore, the Dublin system has given
rise to serious violations of asylum seekers’ human rights.
The Dublin system is thus dysfunctional: ineffective and certainly
inefficient in achieving its basic aims, and at an unacceptably
high human cost and resource cost. Indeed, it is difficult to see
how it could operate as intended. The Parliamentary Assembly should
therefore propose a series of reforms to the implementation of the
current Dublin system, the wider context in which it operates and
on which it is dependent, and to the content of the Dublin regulation