After six years of membership in the Council of Europe, Bosnia
and Herzegovina (BiH) should step up efforts aimed at implementing
the country’s obligations and remaining commitments to the Organisation.
While respecting the entities’ and the Brčko District’s autonomy,
the necessary reforms should be implemented on the basis of a shared
vision of the development of the country’s institutions. This requires
a fully-fledged constitutional reform, without which the country’s
democratic institutions cannot function properly and Bosnia and
Herzegovina cannot become a genuinely civic state of all its citizens.
The Monitoring Committee is concerned by the increase of nationalist
and ethnic rhetoric, especially in the context of the election campaign
for the October 2008 local elections and in the wake of the adoption
by the Kosovo Assembly of the unilateral declaration of independence.
It strongly condemns all statements and actions that weaken the
state institutions, call for secession or put the existence of the
state based on entities into question.
The Monitoring Committee urges all political actors of Bosnia
and Herzegovina to complete the necessary democratic reforms at
the earliest opportunity, in the spirit of constructive dialogue
and co-operation. Obstructionism cannot be used as a political tool.
To fulfil the membership obligations and commitments, the committee
expects Bosnia and Herzegovina to take a number of concrete actions,
in accordance with the recommendations contained in the present
report. Pending their implementation, it proposes that the Assembly continues
the monitoring procedure with respect to Bosnia and Herzegovina.