The Parliamentary Assembly notes that in recent decades the
oceans have been particularly seriously affected by environmental
problems, in spite of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the
Law of the Sea and the many legal instruments.
Climate change, coastal activities, the building of dams and
the pressure of urbanisation have played a major part in the contamination
of the oceans.
Bearing in mind that this situation is all the more alarming
as ocean resources are limited, the Assembly invites states to adopt
policies for coastline management and supervision of economic activity,
to promote the establishment and management of marine protected
areas, to put in place an integrated maritime policy based on the
principles in the European Union "Blue Book", to make sure that
resources are distributed fairly and help less developed countries
to manage ocean resources.
The Assembly also invites the Committee of Ministers to instruct
a committee of experts to define a legal and institutional framework
for new ocean governance.
The Assembly also wishes to continue exploring this area,
in particular with regard to the preservation and potential of the
oceans and the impact of the exploitation of maritime resources
on the various aspects of sustainable development.