Psychological violence in the context of intimate relationships
is a widespread form of violence, primarily affecting women as victims
and the children who witness it, but it also affects men albeit
on a much smaller scale.
Council of Europe member states should introduce provisions
to criminalise psychological violence as a crime in itself and address
the existing obstacles to the effective implementation of the relevant
legislation, including a poor understanding of the phenomenon on
the part of law enforcement officials.
Similarly, there is scope for improving the availability and
quality of assistance measures for victims of violence as well as
of rehabilitation structures for perpetrators.