Since the Parliamentary Assembly’s last monitoring report
in 2007, the Republic of Moldova has carried out further reforms
in order to honour its obligations and commitments towards the Council
of Europe, according to the Monitoring Committee. In particular,
it has ratified 81 Council of Europe conventions and has adopted Action
Plans on improving the judiciary and reinforcing human rights. The
committee acknowledges this progress and the country’s ongoing commitment
to meeting Council of Europe standards.
Recent political life has been marked by repeated parliamentary
elections in April 2009, July 2009 and November 2010 as well as
a constitutional referendum in September 2010. A serious political
crisis from January to May 2013 revealed dysfunctions in the Prosecutor’s
Office and other law enforcement agencies. The committee welcomes
the election of the President of the Republic in March 2012, after
a three-year political deadlock, but urges the amendment of Article
78 of the Constitution to avoid a similar situation in the future.
The committee remains concerned about a number of issues that
still need to be addressed, such as reform of the Prosecutor’s Office,
the separation of powers and de-politicisation of judicial institutions,
the fight against corruption and the effectiveness and independence
of the National Anti-Corruption Center, freedom of the media, combating
discrimination, revision of the electoral code, and bringing the
statute and legislation of the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauz-Yeri
into line with national legislation so that it meets international standards.
Concerning the Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova,
the committee welcomes the resumption, in 2012, of the 5+2 discussions
and the progress made in some concrete areas. However it remains
concerned about ongoing human rights violations and regrets certain
unilateral steps taken by the de facto authorities which undermine
efforts to resolve the conflict.
The Moldovan authorities should be encouraged to pursue the
reform process, the committee concludes, while the Assembly should
assist by continuing its monitoring procedure.